History of Tirupati

Places of Interest in Tirupati

Located in the Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh, Tirupati is noted for its gorgeous temples and majestic shrines. Below is the list of some of the most important places around Tiruppati:

Govindaraja Swami Temple

Located in the heart of Tirupati is Sri Govindaraja Swami Temple, which was consecrated by Saint Ramanujacharya in 1130 AD. It is built by the Nayakas, the successors to the Vijayanagar empire. The temple has an impressive outer gopuram. The inner most gopuram is the earliest dating from the 14th-15th centuries. The main shrines are dedicated to Vishnu and Krishna.


About 1km from Tirumala Temple is a rare naturally formed arch. Believed to be the source of Lord Venkateswara's idol, the rocks resemble hood of a serpent, a conch and a discus. It is a geological wonder.

Kodandaramaswami Temple

Located in the heart of the Tirupati town, the Kodandaramaswami Temple was built by a Chola king in the 10th century AD. The presiding deities here are Sita, Rama and Lakshmana. The temple of Anjaneyaswami, which is directly opposite, is a sub-shrine of this temple.

Sri Kapileswaraswami Temple

Sri Kapileswaraswami Temple, is situated about 3-km north at the foot of the Tirumala Hills. This is the only temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, in Tirupati. Annual ' Brahmotsavams' and festivals like ' Vinayaka Chavithi', ' Maha Shivaratri', ' Skhanda Shasthi' and ' Annabhishekam' are performed in a grand manner. The sacred and beautiful waterfall, 'Kapila Teertham' or 'Alwar Teertham' is located here.

Padmavati Temple

In Tiruchanur, about 3 km south of Tirupati is the temple of goddess Padmavati, the consort of Lord Venkateswara (Balaji). The large temple is also known as 'Alamelumangapuram' and it is said that a visit to Tirumala is fruitful only after visiting the Sri Padmavati Devi temple.

Sri Venkatesvara Museum

This museum is situated at the Sri Govindarajaswamy Temple compound, Tirupati. This museum contains exhibits of temple arts. The entrance of the Tirumalai temple exhibits an interesting collection of Indian musical instruments. The Sri Venkatesvara University Oriental Research Institute has the collection of stone images, wood and metal images, pottery, coins and inscriptions.

Chandragiri Palaces and Fort

Located 11 km from Tirupati, in Chittoor district, Chandragiri was the former capital of the mighty Vijayanagar Empire. The fort here was built on a 180m high rock. The fortifications, 'Raja Mahal' with its romantic lily pond and the 'Rani mahal' are well preserved. The Museum in Raja Mahal contains Chola and Vijayanagara bronzes.

Sri Kalyana Venkateswaraswami Temple

Sri Kalyana Venkateswaraswami temple is located 12 km west of Tirupati at Srinivasa Mangapuram. It is believed that Lord Venkateswara stayed here after his marriage with Sri Padmavati Devi, before proceeding to Tirumala.

Sri Prasanna Venkateswaraswami Temple

Sri Prasanna Venkateswaraswami is situated in Appalayagunta, 4-km from Tirupati. Sri Venkateswaraswami, after marrying Sri Padmavati Devi, blessed Sri Siddeswara and other sages here.


About 60-km from Tirupati, Srikalahasti is situated on the banks of the Swarnamukhi river at the foot of the Kailasagiri hills. This16th century town is famous for its 'Kalahasthisvara Temple', one of the most sacred Shiva shrine and the production of 'Kalamkari' paintings. The temple is particularly revered for the 'Siva lingam' in white stone. The shrine of 'Vayu Deva' the Wind God is the only one of its kind in India. 'Kalamkaris' are brightly coloured hand painted textiles used as Temple decoration and wall hangings.


Thalakona is a forest located 30-km from Tirupati. Deep in these forests is a 6m perennial waterfall known as 'Talakona'. It is an enchanting picnic spot of great scenic beauty.

Horsley Hills

Horsley hills, situated at an altitude of 1,265m is a hill resort located 151-km from Tirupati and named after WD Horsley, who was the collector of Cuddapah district. Horsley chose this spot for his summer residence. The place is luxuriously green and cool, with a maximum summer temperature of 32°C, and minimum of 20°C.

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